Pallets come in a variety of sizes and weights, but they have become more standardized as companies ship internationally.
Determining the right size of pallet depends on your product, shipping needs, and warehousing situation.
Choosing The Right Size Pallet
Different pallets are designed for different applications. As such, it’s important to choose the right size.
Here are a few reasons why:
The standard pallet size recommended by the Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA) is 48” x 40”. This size is designed for most warehouse applications where you have lots of flat floor space.
If you have more limited room or need to get pallets through narrow areas (such as doorways), you’ll need a smaller size.
Different nations tend to use different sized pallets, but in most cases, you’ll be able to match standard North American sizes to pallet dimensions used in your target destinations.
The advantage of matching sizes is to make sure your product doesn’t have to be repalletized upon arrival.
Product weight & size
The size of your product, when stacked on a pallet, has an impact on the size you use. In some cases, a pallet of the wrong size may result in some wasted floor space once loaded.
In addition, the larger the pallet, the less its load-bearing capacity will be per square inch.
Standard Pallet Sizes
There are a number of standards governing the sizes of different pallets, and these standards may vary by region.
A couple used below include:
The International Organization for Standardization covers six pallet sizes in their publication ISO Standard 6780: Flat pallets for intercontinental materials handling—Principal dimensions and tolerances.
We’ve indicated ISO standard pallet sizes in the Names/Applications column of the pallet size chart below.
Europe has its own standard sizes, each of which is marked with EURO in the Names/Applications column of the pallet size chart.
Ultimate Pallet Size Chart
This pallet size chart is organized by pallet size.
Regions that use similar-sized pallets are listed under Compatible Regions, while any relevant terms, names, and applications (including industries and international standards) are listed in the Names/Applications column.
|Size (in, L x W)||Compatible Regions||Names/Applications|
|3.93 x 23.62||Europe, Brazil, Argentina||Automotive half pallet|
|23.62 x 15.75||Austria, Switzerland||Plastic Dolly, Display pallet|
|31.5 x 23.62||Europe, South Africa, the UK||EUR 6|
|31.5 x 47.24||Europe||ISO Standard, EUR, EUR 1|
|35.5 x 45.5||North America||Military|
|36 x 36||North America||Beverages|
|39.37 x 23.62||France|
|39.37 x 47.24||Europe, Asia||ISO Standard, EUR 3|
|40 x 40||North America||Dairy|
|40 x 48||North America||Military, cement|
|42 x 42||North America, Europe, Asia||ISO Standard, paint, telecommunications|
|43.3 x 43.3||Asia||ISO Standard,|
|44 x 44||North America||Drums, chemicals|
|44.88 x 44.88||Australia||ISO Standard|
|45.87 x 45.87||Australia, New Zealand|
|45.87 x 48.9||USA, Mexico, Canada|
|47.24 x 20||Canada|
|47.24 x 31.5||Europe, South Africa, the UK, India|
|47.24 x 39.37||Europe, Latin America, New Zealand, the UK, India, China, South Africa, Thailand||EUR 2, Automotive|
|47.24 x 47.24||India, China, South Africa, Namibia||3 Runner, Bearer Pallets|
|48 x 20||North America||Retail|
|48 x 36||North America||Beverages, packaged paper, shingles|
|48 x 40||North America, Italy, New Zealand||ISO Standard, GMA, grocery, general use|
|48 x 42||North America||Chemicals, beverages|
|48 x 45||North America||Automotive|
|48 x 48||North America||Drums|
|59 x 47.24||Namibia, South Africa||Bearer Pallet|
Pallet Weight Averages
In general, pallets range in weight from 30 to 75 pounds, depending on the dimensions and material.
Heat treated wooden pallets tend to be lighter than pallets that still have some moisture content, but heavier than plastic. Steel pallets are the heaviest of them all but will carry the most weight.
In most cases, standard pallets will carry between 1.5 to 2 tons of weight. The GMA standard 48” x 40”, for instance, will carry up to 4,600 lbs.
Reference Pallet Size Charts Before Purchasing
This pallet size chart should serve as a guide in helping you determine which pallets are best for your application and project specifications.
Using a local pallet manufacturer, like Dominion Pallet, is beneficial not just for the cost savings, customer service, and quality control, but you get focused, expert direction in ensuring you’re using the right pallets for your needs.
Find more helpful information in these resources: